Exposing the Invisible - The Kit

Getting started

Since you're here, this is the kit for you. This section is about getting you started with an understanding of what the kit is about and what it means to start an investigation.

The Kit

This kit is a starting point for those who believe in the power of information as evidence.

You're already an investigator

You are already an investigator. That is why you are here.

What makes an investigation

A look at the most important elements of an investigation.

Safety First!

Stay digitally, physically and psychologically safe and aware of potential risks at all times by adopting some basic good practices and tools to keep your human sources, yourself and your evidence protected.

How to investigate

Whether you want to apply advanced internet searches, recover deleted online content, use maps to verify information, or more, here you can get an understanding of the key techniques to use in your investigation.

Search Smarter by Dorking

A look at advanced internet searches with “Google dorking.”

Retrieving and Archiving Information from Websites

Explore ways to find and retrieve historical and ‘lost’ information online.

How to See What’s Behind a Website

A practical overview of tools and techniques to investigate the ownership of websites.

Using Maps to See Beyond the Obvious

How to use maps, geographic data and satellite imagery to find and visualise information.

Away From Your Screen, Out in the Field

Plan, run and evaluate your field investigations safely and effectively.

Interviews: the Human Element of Your Investigation

How to interview and maintain safe contact with people during your investigations.

How to Manage Your Sources

Learn to develop and maintain human sources to enrich your investigations.

Gathering Visual Evidence

Identify, record and represent visual evidence for your documentation and research.

Evaluating Evidence and Information Sources

You've identified and collected information to serve as evidence in your investigation. What next?

Data Acquisition for Beginners

A how-to guide on converting your data into a format more easily analysed by computer programs.

The Basics of Fact-Checking

Learn from a practitioner what it means to fact-check every piece of information you find and intend to use.

Investigation is Collaboration

Never investigate alone. Plan, organise and run your collaboration with investigators, sources and others.

Navigating Libraries and Archives

Explore libraries and archives that offer precious resources for your investigation.

What to investigate

Understanding more about what you're investigating helps you search for the right tools, techniques and data sources to answer your questions. Here you can explore topics and case studies or find inspiration to start your own investigation.

OSINT – Diving into an ‘Ocean’ of Information

Combining different sources can develop data into meaningful results, using open source investigations.

Supply Chain and Product Investigations

An introduction to supply chain investigation methods and resources.

Extracting Information From Social Apps: A case of exposed data

A real-world example of an investigation into the data collected by an app.

Exploring Connections Between Political Parties and Personal Data Brokers in the UK

Insights into an investigation on the use of voters’ personal data in political campaigns.

Signs, Symbols and Other Visual Clues

Aid your investigation by exploring visual signs or symbols.

ad.watch: Investigating Political Ads

Two investigators trace their process of researching political advertising on Facebook.

What's in a Company?

Get started researching companies by mapping business ownership and connections.

Bio-investigations in the Field

Methods, tools and good-practices for investigating your local environment.

Thinking Critically About Maps

How to critically read and use maps for investigation, resistance and more.

The Kit - PDF

The Kit

Download a condensed version of the Kit.

About Us

Tactical Tech is an international NGO that engages with citizens and civil-society organisations to explore and mitigate the impacts of technology on society.

Connect with us on Twitter @info_activism.