Exposing the Invisible - The Kit

Getting started

You're already an investigator

You are already an investigator. That is why you are here.

You are already an investigator. That is why you are here. You have the curiosity, or the skills, or a problem that needs solving. You need to gather information, or you’ve already found information and you want to know how to use it.

What makes an investigation

A look at the most important elements of an investigation.

A look at the most important elements of an investigation: what makes good evidence, how to develop a strong documentation process, the value of verification, and the key to a safe start.

How to investigate

Search Smarter by Dorking

A look at advanced internet searches with “Google dorking.”

A look at advanced internet searches with “Google dorking,” how they work across different search engines, and how you can use the technique in your investigations. Mind the tips on protecting your privacy while searching, and safeguarding your personal information from those who might use this technique for malicious purposes.

Retrieving and Archiving Information from Websites

You will explore ways to find and retrieve historical and ‘lost’ information.

You will explore ways to find and retrieve historical and ‘lost’ information from websites, to serve as evidence that something existed online, and ways to archive and preserve your own copies of webpages for future reference.

How to See What’s Behind a Website

A practical overview of tools and techniques to investigate the ownership of websites.

A practical overview of tools and techniques to investigate the ownership of websites and uncover hidden information online, as well as essential tips on how to do it securely.

Using Maps to See Beyond the Obvious

You will explore how to use maps, geographic data and satellite imagery to find and visualise information.

You will explore how to use maps, geographic data and satellite imagery to find and visualise information, how common mapping tools can help you investigate a physical place and what happens there, and how you can document your own physical investigative journeys.

What to investigate

Supply Chain and Product Investigations

An introduction to supply chain investigations.

An introduction to supply chain investigations including an overview of the main tools, techniques, data resources and essential precautions to take. It focuses on the main actors, stages and processes of a supply chain and includes a hypothetical step-by-step investigation.

Extracting Information From Social Apps: A case of exposed financial data

A real-world example of an investigation into the data collected by an app.

A real-world example of an investigation into the data collected by an app. Presented in the researcher’s own words, the case combines data collection, design, storytelling and advocacy. It shows how you can research important issues related to social apps, what you can discover using open-source tools and how you can make the findings public. It’s also a great illustration of the investigative mindset involved in such projects.

Exploring Connections Between Political Parties and Personal Data Brokers in the UK

Insights into an investigation on the use of voters’ personal data in political campaigns through the lens of a Tactical Tech case study.

Insights into an investigation on the use of voters’ personal data in political campaigns through the lens of a Tactical Tech case study. It focuses on techniques used to understand political party spending on data about voters and on online marketing technology in the United Kingdom, during the 2015 and 2017 general elections and the 2016 ‘Brexit’ referendum.